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Advice to Men
 
 

Differences in the life expectancies of the sexes in various countries in the world (as per data collected in the year 2000)

(Note: A more recent analysis of the issues covered in this web page has been made in the year 2011.)


This page contains statistics on the life expectancies of the sexes in various countries in the world.  The statistics shown on this page are a bit dated, from the late 1990s, if I remember right, but I am getting a little tired and will not update them with more recent data.  You can perform that little exercise by yourself and will find that the gender-gap in the life-expectancies of the sexes has widened a little more since that time.  Certainly, life expectancies since then increased for both men and women, but more so for women.  So what is the problem with that? 

There is not much of a problem, at least not one that men complain about.  After all, who can argue with the truth?  The truth will set us free, as the saying goes, but when the truth is inconvenient, it could become a problem, such as when the shorter average life-expectancies of men in the majority of the nations in the world must be presented in such a way as to show that men's earlier deaths are a serious inconvenience to women's quality of life when women reach the end of their days.

That is a truth, too, that from that perspective must be presented as a serious impediment to women's happiness, such as in Women: Victims of Men's Shorter Life Span (off-site).  Of course, rather than to look at this from such a biased but politically-correct perspective, one could look at the gender-gap in the life-expectancies of the sexes in a more objective fashion and simply state that the gender-gap exists, and that it favours women.  As comedian Alan King showed in 1987, in Survived by his wife, the truth about the gender-gap in life-expectancies can be made to look very funny, even hilarious (what could be a better reason for making a joke than to make fun of death?).  Still, as Alan King illustrated in his presentation, telling the truth and nothing but the truth about such matters is likely to have the consequence that an elected official calls the truth-teller a male, chauvinist pig.  That is a good thing, too, as thereby any possible complaints by men about having to die so much sooner than women can be nipped in the bud.

With the exception of seven countries (Nepal, Bangladesh, Malawi, Niger, Namibia, Bhutan and Afghanistan), in all other countries listed in Table B women live longer than do men, in some countries by a considerable margin.

________________________
Life Expectancy is not the only measure of quality of life.   The UN has since 1990 annually published a Human Development Index that ranks countries' quality of life by a combination of indicators, such as life expectancy, availability of schooling (but not the quality of schooling), the GDP, availability of health care (but not the quality of health care) and more. The UN Human Development Index has shortcomings that have been addressed by the Fraser Institute in a more realistic alternative to the UN Human Development Index.
   An additional indicator that should be used by the UN as well as by the Fraser Institute to measure the quality of life in a given nation is a measure of how happy people in a nation are with the quality of lives.  Suicide rates are a very good indicator that can be be used for that.  It surely can be no accident that the rankings of nations according to life-expectancies very closely matches that according to suicide rates.
   By both of these measures, life expectancies as well as suicide rates, men's lives are almost exclusively in all nations far worse than those of women's.

The average of the differences in life expectancies for the sexes in the countries listed in Table B is 5.09 years (by which the life expectancy of men is less than that of the women in a given country).  Turkey is the country in which the difference in the life expectancies of the sexes is closest to the average of all countries.

Russia leads the list with the greatest difference in the life expectancies of the sexes (12.89 years less for men), followed almost exclusively by formerly communist countries — countries in which affirmative action for women made the largest advances for the longest intervals.

Afghanistan is the country that has the largest difference in favour of the average life expectancy of men over women (one year).

Almost all of the developed nations have differences in the average life expectancies that are on average slightly above the average for all countries.  See Table A for details.

Table A


Life expectancies in 24 developed nations (as of 2000)

Averages (years)
Developed Nations: Life Expectancy for Men 73.41, for Women 79.6, Difference -6.19
All Nations: Life Expectancy for Men 62.71, for Women 67.8, Difference -5.09

Table B

Life Expectancies in Various Countries in the World 

Life Expectancies in Years,
Ranked by the differences in the life expectancies of the sexes in each country

NationMale FemaleDifference in 
Life Expectancy 
(Male - Female)
Russia58.83 71.72 -12.89
Belarus62.04 74.52 -12.48
Latvia61.24 73.66 -12.42
Lithuania62.91 75.31 -12.40
Estonia62.61 75.00 -12.39
Ukraine60.23 71.87 -11.64
Kazakhstan57.92 69.13 -11.21
Brazil59.35 69.01 -9.66
Moldova59.76 69.24 -9.48
Bosnia and Herzegovina62.55 71.71 -9.16
Armenia62.21 71.13 -8.92
Hungary66.85 75.74 -8.89
Azerbaijan58.76 67.63 -8.87
Kyrgyzstan59.25 68.10 -8.85
Seychelles66.61 75.42 -8.81
Poland68.93 77.41 -8.48
Colombia66.54 74.54 -8.00
France74.76 82.71 -7.95
Romania67.05 74.81 -7.76
Mauritius67.21 74.96 -7.75
Spain73.97 81.71 -7.74
Slovakia69.71 77.40 -7.69
Saint Lucia68.14 75.74 -7.60
Korea (South)70.75 78.32 -7.57
Slovenia71.71 79.21 -7.50
Argentina71.13 78.56 -7.43
Thailand65.58 73.01 -7.43
Turkmenistan57.48 64.91 -7.43
Uzbekistan60.29 67.71 -7.42
Monaco75.00 82.35 -7.35
Bulgaria68.72 76.03 -7.31
Georgia61.13 68.32 -7.19
Finland73.81 80.98 -7.17
Portugal72.51 79.46 -6.95
Czech Republic71.01 77.88 -6.87
Croatia70.69 77.52 -6.83
El Salvador66.70 73.50 -6.80
New Zealand74.55 81.27 -6.72
United States72.95 79.67 -6.72
Bahamas70.94 77.64 -6.70
Cape Verde67.66 74.36 -6.70
Canada76.12 82.79 -6.67
Uruguay72.69 79.32 -6.63
Belgium74.31 80.90 -6.59
Austria74.31 80.82 -6.51
Switzerland75.83 82.32 -6.49
Germany74.01 80.50 -6.49
Taiwan74.38 80.85 -6.47
Chile72.33 78.75 -6.42
Tajikistan61.15 67.57 -6.42
Italy75.40 81.82 -6.42
Senegal54.40 60.78 -6.38
Singapore75.79 82.14 -6.35
Saint Kitts and Nevis64.87 71.21 -6.34
Japan77.02 83.35 -6.33
Palau64.69 70.98 -6.29
Malaysia67.62 73.90 -6.28
Mauritania47.39 53.65 -6.26
Luxembourg74.58 80.83 -6.25
Yugoslavia71.60 77.80 -6.20
Sierra Leone46.07 52.27 -6.20
Venezuela69.97 76.16 -6.19
Mexico68.98 75.17 -6.19
Gabon53.98 60.08 -6.10
Australia77.22 83.23 -6.01
Bolivia58.51 64.51 -6.00
Netherlands75.28 81.17 -5.89
Dominica75.15 81.01 -5.86
Norway75.55 81.35 -5.80
Philippines63.79 69.50 -5.71
Sri Lanka69.89 75.59 -5.70
Ireland73.64 79.32 -5.68
Panama71.91 77.51 -5.60
Barbados72.22 77.81 -5.59
Sweden76.61 82.11 -5.50
Denmark73.83 79.33 -5.50
Guyana59.15 64.61 -5.46
Guatemala63.78 69.24 -5.46
Korea (North)67.41 72.86 -5.45
Liberia57.20 62.64 -5.44
United Kingdom74.73 80.15 -5.42
Togo56.23 61.64 -5.41
Ecuador69.54 74.90 -5.36
Grenada68.97 74.29 -5.32
Lebanon68.34 73.66 -5.32
Greece75.87 81.18 -5.31
Suriname68.32 73.59 -5.27
Bahrain72.75 77.96 -5.21
Solomon Islands69.55 74.75 -5.20
Qatar71.70 76.89 -5.19
Turkey70.81 75.88 -5.07
Liechtenstein75.64 80.69 -5.05
Guinea44.02 49.06 -5.04
Costa Rica73.60 78.61 -5.01
Trinidad and Tobago68.19 73.19 -5.00
Comoros58.39 63.38 -4.99
Chad46.13 51.09 -4.96
Vietnam65.71 70.64 -4.93
Antigua and Barbuda69.06 73.98 -4.92
Fiji64.19 69.11 -4.92
Jamaica73.22 78.13 -4.91
Samoa67.43 72.33 -4.90
Cuba73.41 78.30 -4.89
Nicaragua64.70 69.56 -4.86
Gambia52.02 56.83 -4.81
Malta75.43 80.23 -4.80
Equatorial Guinea52.03 56.83 -4.80
Angola46.08 50.82 -4.74
Tanzania43.85 48.57 -4.72
Peru68.08 72.78 -4.70
Indonesia60.67 65.29 -4.62
Dominican Republic67.86 72.40 -4.54
Tonga67.73 72.22 -4.49
Cyprus74.91 79.39 -4.48
Macedonia70.93 75.34 -4.41
Congo/Zaire47.28 51.67 -4.39
Haiti49.53 53.88 -4.35
Iceland76.85 81.19 -4.34
Eritrea53.61 57.95 -4.34
Mongolia59.71 64.02 -4.31
Benin51.98 56.24 -4.26
South Africa52.68 56.90 -4.22
Ghana55.08 59.27 -4.19
Djibouti49.48 53.67 -4.19
Kuwait75.11 79.30 -4.19
Vanuatu59.41 63.57 -4.16
Morocco66.85 70.99 -4.14
Egypt60.39 64.49 -4.10
Oman69.31 73.39 -4.08
Belize67.23 71.26 -4.03
Paraguay70.47 74.49 -4.02
Israel76.61 80.61 -4.00
Micronesia66.52 70.48 -3.96
Kiribati61.02 64.98 -3.96
Libya73.81 77.74 -3.93
Jordan71.15 75.08 -3.93
Burundi43.54 47.41 -3.87
Saudi Arabia68.67 72.53 -3.86
Central African Republic45.35 49.09 -3.74
Yemen58.17 61.88 -3.71
Maldives66.53 70.15 -3.62
Ivory Coast44.08 47.67 -3.59
Congo45.42 48.92 -3.50
Guinea-Bissau47.91 51.28 -3.37
Marshall Islands63.21 66.50 -3.29
Lesotho51.37 54.65 -3.28
Laos52.63 55.87 -3.24
Somalia44.66 47.85 -3.19
Cameroon49.75 52.94 -3.19
Honduras63.16 66.27 -3.11
Sao Tome and Principe63.18 66.28 -3.10
Myanmar (Burma)53.24 56.32 -3.08
Brunei70.35 73.42 -3.07
Saint Vincent and the Grenadines72.29 75.36 -3.07
Cambodia46.81 49.75 -2.94
China68.57 71.48 -2.91
Tunisia71.95 74.86 -2.91
United Arab Emirates73.83 76.72 -2.89
Mali46.09 48.96 -2.87
Albania69.52 72.33 -2.81
Syria66.75 69.48 -2.73
Iran68.43 71.16 -2.73
Western Sahara47.98 50.57 -2.59
Swaziland36.86 39.40 -2.54
Ethiopia39.22 41.73 -2.51
Madagascar52.01 54.51 -2.50
Algeria68.07 70.46 -2.39
Mozambique44.73 47.09 -2.36
Tuvalu63.01 65.34 -2.33
Iraq65.54 67.56 -2.02
Sudan55.41 57.41 -2.00
Burkina Faso44.97 46.84 -1.87
Papua New Guinea57.58 59.40 -1.82
Pakistan58.49 60.30 -1.81
India62.54 64.29 -1.75
Uganda42.20 43.94 -1.74
Nigeria52.55 54.06 -1.51
Rwanda40.84 41.80 -0.96
Botswana39.42 40.37 -0.95
Kenya46.56 47.09 -0.53
Zambia36.72 37.21 -0.49
Zimbabwe38.77 38.94 -0.17
Nepal58.47 58.36 0.11
Bangladesh60.73 60.46 0.27
Malawi36.49 36.11 0.38
Niger42.22 41.70 0.52
Namibia41.64 40.87 0.77
Bhutan53.19 52.29 0.90
Afghanistan47.82 46.82 1.00
Averages:62.7167.80-5.09

To a more recent (2011) analysis of these issues

Back to Index of Health Issues


__________________
Posted 2000 09 22
Updates:
2001 02 05 (format changes)
2001 10 29 (added note about an Alternative to UN's Human Development Index
2006 08 17 (reformated page to conform with design standard; added comment on the correlation between suicide rates and life expectancies)
2010 09 29 (expanded introductory paragraph to three paragraphs)
2011 06 17 (redesignated this web page to http://fathersforlife.org/healthlifeexpw-2000.htm)